Ciudad de México: El Colegio de México, Centro de Esudios de Asia y Africa, 2022. First Edition. Paperback. 686p., tables, graphics, bibl., indices, wrps. New. Item #81632
On October 1, 1949, the People's Republic of China was established and, from this, economic and foreign policy strategies were established, as well as political and social reorganizations, to give life to a new China. In the economic sphere, the Chinese Communist Party government set itself the goal of rapid industrial growth, so it adopted the Soviet model of centralized, command-based economic planning. In the international aspect, the situation of the Cold War conditioned the decision-making that sought to be taken advantage of for its strategic utility to improve the international image of China, as in the case of the Korean War. On the political issue, it was established as a priority to strengthen the leadership of the party and pacify the territory, which had been subjected to decades of conflict beginning with the opium wars of the 19th century, the 1911 Revolution, the warlord period, and the Sino-Japanese War of the 1930s and 1940s. , deep reforms were carried out to fulfill the ideological goal of bringing the socialist revolution to the country, highlighting, for example, the 1950 Marriage Law. There were successes and failures in these processes, which gave face to contemporary China. This book is essential reading to understand and explain these historical developments, as well as the profound political, economic and social changes experienced by the country in its 70 years of existence. the period of warlords and the Sino-Japanese War of the 1930s and 1940s. In the social sphere, far-reaching reforms were carried out to fulfill the ideological goal of bringing the socialist revolution to the country, highlighting, for example, the Marriage Law of 1950.