Tierra o muerte
Lima: Ediciones Achawata (Serie: Ensayos, 2), 2022. First Edition. Paperback. 256p., indices, wrps. New. Item #81131
During the early 1960s, the first major land reclamations took place in the country. With the south, and in particular, Cusco, as the scenario of struggle, hundreds of peasants mobilized and legitimately took possession of the lands that they themselves worked. It was the most important social phenomenon in Peru at that time. It was the clear antecedent of the various agrarian reforms that would be carried out during that same decade. Pérez Godoy's military junta did nothing more than abide by this series of demands that had the La Convención and Lares valleys as their main focus, and the now legendary Hugo Blanco as a visible face. Since his return to Peru in 1958, Hugo Blanco was closely linked to various social demonstrations, as well as tremendously united to the worker and peasant organizations of the moment. He passed through and established himself in the Partido Obrero Revolucionario, in the Departmental Federation of Workers of Cusco, in the Peasant Union of Chaupimayo, in the Peasant Confederation of Peru, and in the Revolutionary Left Front. He led the recovery of lands in La Convención and Lares. He was persecuted by the military government, jailed in 1963, and later sentenced to 25 years in prison. After an international campaign, Blanco is not executed the death sentence that had already been decreed. In 1970, Velasco Alvarado gave him his freedom. He deports him in 1971 to Mexico. With a long struggle, Hugo Blanco starred in several of the most important revolutionary episodes in our contemporary history. Today, in his native Cusco, Hugo contemplates his life, abstracted in the wonderful daily life of nature and in the richness of the simplest activities. From our editorial, we pay tribute to Hugucha, and we show our readers a selection of his writings that shook the entire country.