Los centralismos mexicanos, 1835-1846
Ciudad de México: Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Historicos, El Colegio de Michoacán, 2021. First Edition. Paperback. 648p., maps, facsimiles, tables, bibl., indices, wrps. New. Item #76492
"Los Centralismos Mexicanos, 1835-1846" aims to understand a period in the history of Mexico that has been scorned and synthesized as "that of instability" or, as Lucas Alamán described it, "of the revolutions of Santa Anna", although it is more complicated.
The establishment of the centralist republic in Mexico, in 1836, was actually the urgent attempt to solve the failure of federalism of 1824, the second experiment that sought to find an adequate constitutional formula to constitute the new state after the failure of the Empire. Federalism had been established with optimism, but the states, determined to prevent Mexico City from continuing to dominate as during the Viceroyalty, took the main taxes from the federal government, leaving only some special taxes and the product of customs, which became a weak government.
It is a simplistic error to consider centralism as conservative, promoted by the Army and the Church, when all the evidence tells us that these corporations were not monolithic and suffered from political class divisions. The centralist republics were centralist liberals , favored by European liberalism. The 1836 Constitution established that the national government would administer all the country's income directly, but it maintained citizen representation, although it limited it to a census vote, restricted to those who paid taxes, and maintained the division of powers. He established the fourth estate, the "Conservative," to monitor the performance of the other three.